Occupational Guides banner
Detailed Guide for

Web Developers in

May also be called: Back End Developers; Front End Developers; User Interface Developers; Web Applications Developers; Web Architects; and Web Designers

What Would I Do?

Web Developers are responsible for the technical aspects of website creation. They use software languages and tools to create applications for the Web. They identify the audience as well as determine the site’s content and organization. They oversee production and implementation. They may integrate databases and other information systems into the websites. They may convert written, graphic, audio, and video components to compatible Web formats.

Web Developers build, customize, and manage Web content and develop Web applications using programming languages and databases. They write the code that the browser receives when a user types in a Web address or clicks on a link. They create the home page and lay out pages. They assign visual properties like fonts and colors to items for a visually appealing result. Web Developers write custom scripts to make Web pages more dynamic and easier to navigate. They use various browsers to check pages and forms to ensure cross-browser and platform compatibility.

They may focus on front-end or back-end development. Front end developers design the user interface and are responsible for visual design, user interaction, and browser compatibilities. Back end developers work with databases, servers, networks, and performance/scalability. In smaller companies, they may do it all or work the “full stack”.

Tools and Technology

Web Developers use a variety of tools and technology in their work. In addition to computers, they use computer servers and high capacity removable media drives. They primarily use Web platform development software, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They may also use database management system, database user interface and query, development environment, enterprise application integration, graphics or photo imaging, object or component oriented development, and operating system software.

Important Tasks and Related Skills

Each task below is matched to a sample skill required to carry out the task.

TaskSkill Used in this Task
Design, build, or maintain web sites, using authoring or scripting languages, content creation tools, management tools, and digital media.Computers and Electronics
Perform or direct web site updates.Deductive Reasoning
Write, design, or edit web page content, or direct others producing content.English Language
Confer with management or development teams to prioritize needs, resolve conflicts, develop content criteria, or choose solutions.Operations Analysis
Back up files from web sites to local directories for instant recovery in case of problems.Problem Sensitivity
Identify problems uncovered by testing or customer feedback, and correct problems or refer problems to appropriate personnel for correction.Active Listening
Evaluate code to ensure that it is valid, is properly structured, meets industry standards and is compatible with browsers, devices, or operating systems.Critical Thinking
Maintain understanding of current web technologies or programming practices through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.Programming
Source: U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Information Network (O*NET) at online.onetcenter.org

Working Conditions

Web Developers usually work in offices or laboratories in comfortable surroundings. They work about 40 hours a week, but may be required to work some evenings or weekends to meet deadlines or solve specific problems. In addition, they may need to be available on an on-call basis and also may have the option of working flexible hours. This type of work may be stressful for some. They may experience eyestrain, back discomfort, and hand and wrist problems from using a computer for long periods of time. Telecommuting is becoming more common allowing Web Developers to do even more work from remote locations, reducing or eliminating the need to travel to the customer’s workplace.

Large numbers of Web Developers work on a temporary or contract basis. A number of workers are needed to get a new website up and running; fewer may be required once it is established.

Although most Web Developers are not represented by unions, unionization varies by industry. Those working in the public sector may join the Service Employees International Union.

Will This Job Fit Me?

The job of Web Developers may appeal to those who enjoy activities that involve following set procedures and routines. This occupation involves working with data and details more than with ideas. Individuals who like to work on their own and make decisions should enjoy this occupation.

Web Developers need problem solving and analytical skills as well as the ability to handle multiple projects and choose the right technology for the job. Effective communications skills are also important as Web Developers consult with customers, programmers, managers, and other staff members. They frequently work in teams, but may also work independently. Because of the nature of the work, they also need creativity, flexibility, good attention to detail, and the ability to stay current on the changing standards and tools used in Web development.

What Wages and Benefits Can I Expect?


The median wage in 2022 for Web Developers in California is N/A annually. The median is the point at which half of the workers earn more and half earn less.

Annual Wages for 2022Low
(25th percentile)
(50th percentile)
(75th percentile)
Source: EDD/LMID Occupational Employment Statistics Survey, 2022 at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/data/wages.html Wages do not reflect self-employment.


Most Web Developers receive medical and dental insurance, as well as vacation, sick leave, and retirement plans from their employers. Self-employed or independent contractors must provide for their own insurance and other benefits.

What is the Job Outlook?

Employment growth for Web Developers will be strong as e-commerce continues to expand. As retail firms expand their online offerings, the demand for Developers will increase. In addition, an increase in the use of mobile devices to search the web will also lead to an increase in employment of Web Developers. Instead of designing a website for a desktop computer, Developers will have to create sites that work on mobile devices with many different screen sizes, leading to more work.

The number of Web Developers in California is unknown at this time since this is a new occupation and there is no employment projections data available. There will be a strong demand for Web Developers in California. As the amount of data sent over the Internet increases, more Web Developers will be needed. In addition, the growing number of Internet users and expansion of Internet services, such as e-commerce, will also drive the demand.

Projections of Employment

In California, the number of Web Developers is expected to grow much faster than average growth rate for all occupations. Jobs for Web Developers are expected to increase by 16.7 percent, or 2,700 jobs between 2018 and 2028.

Estimated Employment and Projected Growth
Web Developers
Geographic Area
(Estimated Year-Projected Year)
Total Job
Source: EDD/LMID Projections of Employment by Occupation at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/data/employment-projections.html

How Do I Qualify?

Education, Training, and Other Requirements

The level of education and type of training required vary by employer. A bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field is required for most jobs; however, some employers may accept related experience and certification. Relevant work experience is very important in this occupation, particularly in working with various scripting languages. Knowledge of Web standards, usability, and best practices is important.

Early Career Planning

High school students interested in this kind of work should take classes in mathematics, computer science, information technology, and language arts. Other helpful classes may include business, physical science, and art. Training programs are also available through Regional Occupational Programs (ROP) in Web design, Web page design, and website development. To find an ROP program near you, go to the California Association of Regional Occupational Centers and Programs Web site at www.carocp.org/carocps.html.

Continuing Education

Web Developers need to stay current on emerging Web technologies and keep their skills up to date. Employers, software vendors, colleges and universities, and private training institutions offer continuing education. Attending professional seminars can also enhance skills and advancement opportunities.


Professional certification has become the industry standard and can demonstrate competence in a particular field. Certification programs are available through product vendors, computer associations, and other training institutions. Many product vendors require those who work with their products to be certified. For more information, go to the U.S. Department of Labor's Career InfoNet Web site at www.acinet.org and scroll down to "Career Tools." Click on "Certification Finder" at www.acinet.org/certifications_new/default.aspx and follow the instructions to locate certification programs.

Where Can I Find Training?

There are two ways to search for training information at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/resources/training-and-apprenticeships.html

Contact the schools you are interested in to learn about the classes available, tuition and fees, and any prerequisite course work.

Where Would I Work?

Web Developers work in a variety of industries such as computer systems design and related services, management and technical consulting services, management of companies and enterprise, other information services, and local government. The largest industries employing Web Developers are as follows:

Industry TitlePercent of Total Employment for Occupation in California
Computer Systems Design and Rel Services15.6%
Other Information Services11.5%
Management of Companies and Enterprises6.0%
Software Publishers5.1%
ISPs, Search Portals, & Data Processing4.5%
Source: EDD/LMID Staffing Patterns at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/data/employment-projections.html

Finding a Job

Networking is important in this occupation, since many Web Developers find work through referrals. Jobs can also be found through direct application to employers, newspaper classified advertisements, online job boards, and professional organizations. Online job opening systems include JobCentral at www.jobcentral.com and CalJOBSSM at www.caljobs.ca.gov.

To find your nearest One-Stop Career Center, go to Service Locator. View the helpful job search tips for more resources. (requires Adobe Reader).

Yellow Page Headings

You can focus your local job search by checking employers listed online or in your local telephone directory. Below are some suggested headings where you might find employers of Web Developers.

Find Possible Employers

To locate a list of employers in your area, use "Find Employers" on the LaborMarketInfo Web site at http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/aspdotnet/databrowsing/empMain.aspx?menuChoice=emp

Where Could This Job Lead?

Some Web Developers may advance to managerial or project leadership positions. Others with significant expertise in a specific area may find opportunities as an independent consultant.

Related Occupations

Below is a list of occupations related to Web Developers.

Other Sources

These links are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement by EDD.

For the Career Professional

The following codes are provided to assist counselors, job placement workers, or other career professionals.

SOC - Standard Occupational Classification at www.bls.gov/soc/15-1134
O*NET - Occupational Information Network at online.onetcenter.org/
   Web Developers15-1134.00
   Interest Codes (RIASEC) at online.onetcenter.org/find/descriptor/browse/Interests/#curCIR
CIP - Classification of Instructional Programs at nces.ed.gov/pubs2002/cip2000/
   Computer Programming/Programmer, General 110201
   Computer Science.110701
   Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design 110801
   Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster 111004
TOP - Taxonomy of Programs at www.ccccurriculum.info/ (California Community Colleges)
   Website Design and Development061430
   Computer Science (transfer)070600
   Computer Software Development070700
   Computer Programming070710
   World Wide Web Administration070900

The California Occupational Guides are a product of:
The California Employment Development Department
Labor Market Information Division

Printed on Monday, August 08, 2022