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Nontraditional Employment for Women

  What is a Nontraditional Job?
  Nontraditional Employment Data
  Additional Resources
What is a Nontraditional Job?

Today, women in California can hold any job. However, it is not always the case that they do. There are over 200 occupations in California where women comprise 25 percent or less of total employment. Although many of these nontraditional jobs are in the construction and manufacturing industries, the reality is nontraditional occupations span all major occupational groups. And these nontraditional jobs are often skilled or technical and typically have a higher rate of pay than jobs traditionally held by women.

Women are free to follow their own personal needs, interests, aptitudes, and values as they look into the diverse job opportunities of the future. However, the considerably higher pay for nontraditional occupations can help women to:
  • Attain economic self-sufficiency.
  • Support their families.
  • Build assets.
Here's a sampling of nontraditional occupations in California, based on the latest data from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, with a good employment outlook (900 or more openings per year through 2016) and a 2009 median hourly wage of $15.00 or more. These data are sorted by the Average Annual Openings in descending order.

Occupation Title SOC Code (1) Average Annual Openings (2) Median Hourly Wage (3) Education and Training Level (4)
Carpenters 47-2031 5,410 $24.92 12-Month OJT (9)
Construction Laborers 47-2061 4,140 $16.65 1-12 Month OJT (10)
Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 49-3023 2,700 $19.21 Post-Secondary Voc-Ed (7)
Electricians 47-2111 2,460 $25.63 12-Month OJT (9)
Painters, Construction and Maintenance 47-2141 2,330 $18.98 1-12 Month OJT (10)
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 47-1011 2,240 $34.25 Work Experience (8)
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 49-9042 1,960 $18.30 12-Month OJT (9)
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 15-1071 1,720 $36.65 BA/BS Degree (5)
Construction Managers 11-9021 1,540 $48.72 BA/BS Degree (5)
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 49-1011 1,530 $31.13 Work Experience (8)
Fire Fighters 33-2011 1,460 $30.35 12-Month OJT (9)
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 51-1011 1,420 $25.54 Work Experience (8)
Civil Engineers 17-2051 1,410 $41.46 BA/BS Degree (5)
Engineering Managers 11-9041 1,120 $63.50 BA/BS + Experience (4)
Cost Estimators 13-1051 1,090 $31.43 BA/BS Degree (5)
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 49-3031 990 $22.21 Post-Secondary Voc-Ed (7)
Roofers 47-2181 970 $22.09 1-12 Month OJT (10)

(1) SOC Code Standard Occupational Classification code.

(2) Average Annual Openings The total of projected new jobs and net replacements per year from the 2006-2016 Projections of Employment by Occupation for California.

(3) Median Hourly Wage The hourly income where half of the workers make more and half make less. Source: The Occupational Employment Statistics survey of wages by occupation for 2009, first quarter.

(4) Education and Training Level Developed by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the level reflects the manner in which most workers become proficient in that occupation and the preferences of most employers. See the BLS Training Level Definitions for more information.

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