Detailed Guide forMiddle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education in San Diego County
May also be called: English Teachers; History Teachers; Junior High School Teachers; Life Science Teachers; Math Teachers; Physical Education Teachers; Science Teachers; Social Studies Teachers
What Would I Do?
Middle School Teachers, usually known as Junior High School Teachers, educate students in grades 7 and 8. Some specialize in single subjects, such as math or science, while others may teach two or more related subjects, such as English and history. Teachers prepare and assign lessons on approved criteria, develop and administer tests, grade papers and tests, and record students' progress. They assign research and group projects where students learn to work together and gather information. They also discuss local, national, and global news issues with students. Teachers observe and evaluate students' performance and potential and give extra instruction when needed. They meet with parents and school staff to discuss a student’s academic progress or personal problems. Teachers maintain classroom discipline by creating a positive environment. They also take part in faculty and professional meetings.
Public Middle School Teachers use coursework and textbooks that have been approved by the school district. Any material used in classroom instruction must meet State and federal standards. Private School Teachers usually have more control over establishing the curriculum and setting standards for performance and discipline.
Teachers must constantly update their skills by attending conferences and workshops to keep current with the latest educational methods. Teachers also use a variety of technological tools, such as cameras, computers, DVD players, the Internet, overhead projectors, smart boards, and televisions.
Important Tasks and Related Skills
Each task below is matched to a sample skill required to carry out the task.
|View the skill definitions|
|Task||Skill Used in this Task|
|Adapt teaching methods and instructional materials to meet students' varying needs and interests.||Learning Strategies|
|Confer with parents or guardians, other teachers, counselors, and administrators to resolve students' behavioral and academic problems.||Psychology|
|Prepare, administer, and grade tests and assignments to evaluate students' progress.||Monitoring|
|Instruct through lectures, discussions, and demonstrations in one or more subjects, such as English, mathematics, or social studies.||Education and Training|
|Establish clear objectives for all lessons, units, and projects, and communicate these objectives to students.||Instructing|
|Prepare objectives and outlines for courses of study, following curriculum guidelines or requirements of states and schools.||Written Expression|
|Observe and evaluate students' performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.||Social Perceptiveness|
|Plan and conduct activities for a balanced program of instruction, demonstration, and work time that provides students with opportunities to observe, question, and investigate.||Judgment and Decision Making|
|Meet with parents and guardians to discuss their children's progress, and to determine their priorities for their children and their resource needs.||Active Listening|
Below is a definition for each skill.
|View the tasks to skills list|
|Learning Strategies||Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.|
|Psychology||Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|Monitoring||Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|Education and Training||Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|Instructing||Teaching others how to do something.|
|Written Expression||The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.|
|Social Perceptiveness||Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|Judgment and Decision Making||Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
Middle School Teachers work in private, public, and charter schools. They may work more than 40 hours a week both in and outside the classroom. Some Teachers work a traditional nine-month school year with a three-month summer vacation, while others may be on a year-round schedule, instructing for several weeks or months with a vacation in between sessions. Year-round schools are split into either single track or multi-track calendars, depending upon the student population. Traditional and most year-round school calendars have approximately 180 days of instruction.
The teaching profession can be very rewarding. However, Teachers may experience some stress because of increased class sizes, lack of volunteers or teacher aides, heavy workloads, or the need for modern equipment. Teachers may face challenges with unmotivated or disrespectful students; nonetheless, seeing students discover and develop new skills and gain an appreciation for knowledge and learning can be very gratifying.
Since private schools can be selective in their admission processes, private School Teachers usually enjoy smaller class sizes.
Teachers may belong to the California Teachers Association or the California Federation of Teachers.
Will This Job Fit Me?
Middle School Teachers enjoy assisting, communicating with, and instructing students on lesson plans. They are able to motivate and inspire trust and confidence in students. Teachers also help students make informed decisions and help guide them through their personal development process.
What Wages and Benefits Can I Expect?
The median wage in 2016 for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education in California was $70,152 annually. The median wage for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education in San Diego County was $66,723 annually. The median is the point at which half of the workers earn more and half earn less.
|Annual Wages for 2016||Low|
|San Diego County||$54,488||$66,723||$77,943|
|View Wages for All Areas|
|Hourly Wages for 2016||Low|
|View Wages for All Areas|
Both public and private schools generally provide health and life insurance, sick leave, and pension plans.
What Do Local Employers Say About Benefits? Of the 24 employers in San Diego County, all provide medical insurance and sick leave, and almost all provide dental insurance, life insurance, vision insurance, and retirement plan benefits to Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education who work full-time.
|Percent of Employers Who Provide|
Specific Benefits by Time Base
|Paid Time Off Bank||8%||8%|
Of the 24 employers surveyed who responded in San Diego County, who provides medical benefits, almost all reported that they pay half or more of the cost of medical insurance for full-time, and most reported that they pay half or more of the cost of medical insurance for part-time Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education.
|Percent of Employers Who Paid Medical |
Insurance by Portion Paid by Time Base
|Portion Paid by Employer:||Full-Time||Part-Time|
|Half or more||21%||60%|
|Less than Half||8%||40%|
What is the Job Outlook?
Job opportunities for Middle School Teachers depend upon the location, grade level, and subject taught. However, those who have single subject credentials in mathematics or science may have better opportunities for employment. Public Schools are dependent upon federal, State, and local government funding; therefore, there maybe fewer employment opportunities during economic downturns.
Projections of Employment
In California, the number of Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education is expected to grow slower than average growth rate for all occupations. Jobs for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education are expected to increase by 9.5 percent, or 4,700 jobs between 2014 and 2024.
In San Diego County, the number of Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education is expected to grow slower than average growth rate for all occupations. Jobs for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education are expected to increase by 12.9 percent, or 480 jobs between 2014 and 2024.
|Estimated Employment and Projected Growth|
Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education
(Estimated Year-Projected Year)
Due to Net
|San Diego County|
|View Projected Growth for All Areas|
Annual Job Openings
In California, an average of 480 new job openings per year is expected for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education, plus an additional 1,100 job openings due to net replacement needs, resulting in a total of 1,580 job openings.
In San Diego County, an average of 48 new job openings per year is expected for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education, plus an additional 82 job openings due to net replacement needs, resulting in a total of 130 job openings.
|Estimated Average Annual Job Openings|
Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education
|Jobs From Growth||Jobs Due to|
|San Diego County|
|View Data for All Areas|
How Do I Qualify?
Education, Training, and Other Requirements
Middle School Teachers must have a bachelor's degree or higher and a Preliminary or Professional Clear Credential to teach in California. The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC) establishes requirements for the Preliminary and Professional Clear Credentials.
To obtain a Preliminary Credential, applicants must complete a bachelor's degree or higher from an accredited college or university. They must meet the basic skills requirement of the CTC, such as passing the California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST) and the California Subject Examinations for Teachers (CSET) in a single subject matter. In addition, a CTC-approved Teacher preparation program must be completed.
To earn a Professional Clear Credential, an individual must complete a professional teacher preparation program and receive a five-year Preliminary Credential. Once a Preliminary Credential is obtained, an individual must complete one of the following:
- A CTC-approved professional Teacher induction program
- A fifth year of study in a CTC-approved Teacher preparation program at a California college or university
- Possess a National Board Certificate in their chosen subject area
All Teachers are required to obtain an electronic fingerprint (LiveScan) and criminal background clearance prior to employment.
Teaching experience may include student teaching or instructing at a private school, an out-of-state school, or the Peace Corp.
Early Career Planning
High school students thinking about a career in teaching should take college preparatory courses, such as English, mathematics, science, and computer science. Students can gain valuable experience by tutoring or mentoring other students. In addition, students that have a high school diploma and are taking courses towards a career in education may obtain a Substitute Teacher Credential to explore teaching opportunities without having a bachelor's degree.
Work Study Programs
Accredited colleges and universities offer a one- or two-year university internship in which the candidate teaches while taking classes. Some school districts have established their own internships that include a two-year professional development plan for the Teacher. Other candidates may take a year of graduate courses at an accredited institution along with student teaching.
Teachers possessing a Preliminary Credential will need to complete the continuing education requirements before their current credential expires to receive a Professional Clear Credential. However, Teachers holding a Professional Clear Credential are not required to take continuing education courses, but they are encouraged to update their skills to stay current with emerging technologies and educational methods.
Licensing and Certification
The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing requires Teachers to have a Preliminary Credential or a Professional Clear Credential before they can teach in the classroom. The Preliminary Credential is good for five years and must be updated to a Professional Clear Credential within that time. Professional Clear Credentials must be renewed every five years. Contact the agency that issues the license for additional information. Click on the license title below for details.
Middle School Teachers may hold one or several certificates, such as First Aid, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, and Automated External Defibrillator for Schools and the Community, National Board Certification - Adolescence and Young Adulthood/Science, or National Board Certification - Adolescence and Young Adulthood/English Language Arts. For more information, go to the U.S. Department of Labor's Career InfoNet Web site and scroll down to "Career Tools." Click on "Certification Finder" and follow the instructions to locate certification programs.
Where Can I Find Training?
There are two ways to search for training information:
- Search by Field of Study to find what programs are available and what schools offer those programs. You may use keywords such as: Education and Teaching, Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education & Teaching, Teacher Education, Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, Other.
- Search by Training Provider to find schools by name, type of school, or location.
Contact the schools you are interested in to learn about the classes available, tuition and fees, and any prerequisite course work.
Where Would I Work?
The largest industries employing Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education are as follows:
|Industry Title||Percent of Total Employment for Occupation in California|
|Elementary and Secondary Schools ||99.5%|
What Employers Say...
The Employment Development Department surveyed 24 employers in San Diego County which employ 2,535 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education. Here's what they had to say:
About Full-Time/Part-Time: All of these firms employ full-time and many employ part-time Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education.
About Work Experience: Of the 24 employers surveyed in San Diego County, some require new hires to have prior work experience as Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education. In the table below, percentages may not add to 100% since employers may select more than one time period.
|How Much Work Experience|
Do Employers Require?
|More than 5 years ||13%|
|25 to 60 months ||20%|
|13 to 24 months ||40%|
|1 to 12 months ||80%|
About Recruitment: Of the 24 employers surveyed in San Diego County, most indicate it is easy to find applicants with experience who meet their minimum hiring requirements, while most indicate it is easy to find applicants without previous experience who meet their minimum hiring requirements to fill vacancies for Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education.
About Hiring: Of the 24 employers surveyed in San Diego County, many expect the number of Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education they employ to decline during the coming year.
|Expect Employment to Increase ||0%|
|Expect Employment to Remain Stable ||50%|
|Expect Employment to Decline ||50%|
About Vacancies: Of the 24 employers surveyed in San Diego County, 83 percent hired Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education during the past year. Of the hiring firms, 95 percent filled existing vacancies, 30 percent filled newly created positions, and 35 percent filled temporary assignments.
Finding a Job
Direct application to school districts remains one of the most effective job search methods. School district listings and other job resource services may be found on the California Department of Education Web site. In addition, college campus career placement offices are a valuable source for finding employment. Job openings can also be found through classified advertisements in newspapers, online job boards, and teacher organizations. Online job opening systems include JobCentral at www.jobcentral.com and CalJOBSSM at www.caljobs.ca.gov.
To find your nearest One-Stop Career Center, go to Service Locator. View the helpful job search tips for more resources. (requires Adobe Reader).
Yellow Page Headings
You can focus your local job search by checking employers listed online or in your local telephone directory. Below are some suggested headings where you might find employers of Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education.
- Middle Schools
- Private Schools (K-12)
- Public Schools
- Religious General Interest Schools
Find Possible Employers
To locate a list of employers in your area, go to "Find Employers" on the Labor Market Information Web site:
- Select one of the top industries that employ the occupation. This will give you a list of employers in that industry in your area.
- Click on "View Filter Selections" to limit your list to specific cities or employer size.
- Click on an employer for the street address, telephone number, size of business, Web site, etc.
- Contact the employer for possible employment.
Where Could This Job Lead?
Highly qualified, experienced Teachers may become senior or mentor Teachers, with higher pay and additional responsibilities. These Teachers guide and assist less experienced Teachers while keeping most of their own teaching responsibilities. Other experienced Teachers may have the opportunity to transfer to other schools, which may offer better working conditions and higher salaries. Administrative positions require teaching experience, advanced studies or degrees, and additional credentials.
Below is a list of occupations related to Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education with links to more information.
|Graduate Teaching Assistants||Guide|
|Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary||Profile|
These links are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement by EDD.
For the Career Professional
The following codes are provided to assist counselors, job placement workers, or other career professionals.