Detailed Guide forComputer Hardware Engineers in San Diego County
May also be called: Computer Engineers; Hardware Engineers; Network Engineers; Telecommunications Engineers
Specialties within this occupation include: Electrical Hardware Engineers
What Would I Do?
Computer Hardware Engineers research, design, develop, and test computer and computer-related equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. They may supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer hardware. Computer hardware includes computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment, such as keyboards, hard drives, modems, and printers. Computer Hardware Engineers may design and test circuits and other electronic components as they relate to computers and computer-related equipment. The ongoing advances in computer technology are a result of the research, development, and design efforts of Computer Hardware Engineers. Some electrical and electronics engineers may also work with computers, designing and testing systems; however, they do not work exclusively with computers.
Some Engineers may consider going into the following specialty:
Electrical Hardware Engineers design, develop, modify, and evaluate electronic parts, components, or integrated circuitry for electronic equipment. They analyze equipment to establish operating data, conduct experimental tests, and evaluate results. Engineers investigate and solve computer hardware problems that may arise. They select components and equipment based on analysis of specifications and reliability. Engineers spend time meeting with customers to discuss business objectives. They also conduct product documentation and training.
Tools and Technology
Tools used by Engineers include circuit testers, electronic measuring probes, frequency calibrators or simulators, integrated circuit testers, network analyzers, oscilloscopes, power meters, protocol analyzers, and signal generators. Technology used in this occupation includes the following types of software: analytical or scientific, computer-aided design (CAD), database user interface and query, object- or component-oriented development, office suite, operating system, project management, and word processing.
Important Tasks and Related Skills
Each task below is matched to a sample skill required to carry out the task.
|View the skill definitions|
|Task||Skill Used in this Task|
|Update knowledge and skills to keep up with rapid advancements in computer technology.||Active Learning|
|Provide technical support to designers, marketing and sales departments, suppliers, engineers and other team members throughout the product development and implementation process.||Deductive Reasoning|
|Test and verify hardware and support peripherals to ensure that they meet specifications and requirements, by recording and analyzing test data.||Engineering and Technology|
|Monitor functioning of equipment and make necessary modifications to ensure system operates in conformance with specifications.||Critical Thinking|
|Analyze information to determine, recommend, and plan layout, including type of computers and peripheral equipment modifications.||Complex Problem Solving|
|Build, test, and modify product prototypes using working models or theoretical models constructed with computer simulation.||Computers and Electronics|
|Analyze user needs and recommend appropriate hardware.||Active Listening|
|Direct technicians, engineering designers or other technical support personnel as needed.||Administration and Management|
|Confer with engineering staff and consult specifications to evaluate interface between hardware and software and operational and performance requirements of overall system.||Inductive Reasoning|
|Select hardware and material, assuring compliance with specifications and product requirements.||Judgment and Decision Making|
Below is a definition for each skill.
|View the tasks to skills list|
|Active Learning||Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.|
|Deductive Reasoning||The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|Engineering and Technology||Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.|
|Critical Thinking||Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Complex Problem Solving||Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Computers and Electronics||Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|Active Listening||Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Administration and Management||Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|Inductive Reasoning||The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|Judgment and Decision Making||Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
Computer Hardware Engineers work in offices, laboratories, or manufacturing firms. They conduct most of their work at computer workstations. Others may spend time overseeing the installation or testing of equipment. Engineers may also be required to work under sterile conditions. When working with computer systems, Engineers should be trained in proper safety procedures. Engineers typically work a standard 40-hour workweek; however, it may be necessary to work evenings or weekends to meet deadlines, which can lead to job pressure.
Unionization is not common in this occupation. However, government Engineers may belong to a union.
Will This Job Fit Me?
The job of Computer Hardware Engineer may appeal to those who enjoy working with ideas that require an extensive amount of thinking. Engineers search for facts using a variety of sources in order to solve complex problems. They may work independently or as part of a team.
What Wages and Benefits Can I Expect?
The median wage in 2016 for Computer Hardware Engineers in California is $131,874 annually, or $63.40 hourly. The median wage for Computer Hardware Engineers in San Diego County is $115,267 annually, or $55.42 hourly. The median is the point at which half of the workers earn more and half earn less.
Most Engineers receive excellent benefits, including health and life insurance, vacation, sick leave, and a retirement plan.
What is the Job Outlook?
Computer Hardware Engineers should find a good job market over the next few years, which accounts for employment growth and job replacement needs. However, there may be some competition for jobs due to the high volume of engineering graduates. In addition, employment may be sensitive to the fluctuations of the economy.
Projections of Employment
In California, the number of Computer Hardware Engineers is expected to grow at an average rate compared with the total for all occupations. Jobs for Computer Hardware Engineers are expected to increase by 14.3 percent, or 3,500 jobs between 2012 and 2022.
In San Diego County, the number of Computer Hardware Engineers is expected to grow slower than average growth rate for all occupations. Jobs for Computer Hardware Engineers are expected to increase by 13.8 percent, or 540 jobs between 2012 and 2022.
|Estimated Employment and Projected Growth|
Computer Hardware Engineers
(Estimated Year-Projected Year)
Due to Net
|San Diego County|
|View Projected Growth for All Areas|
Annual Job Openings
In California, an average of 350 new job openings per year is expected for Computer Hardware Engineers, plus an additional 530 job openings due to net replacement needs, resulting in a total of 880 job openings.
In San Diego County, an average of 54 new job openings per year is expected for Computer Hardware Engineers, plus an additional 84 job openings due to net replacement needs, resulting in a total of 138 job openings.
|Estimated Average Annual Job Openings|
Computer Hardware Engineers
|Jobs From Growth||Jobs Due to|
|San Diego County|
|View Data for All Areas|
How Do I Qualify?
Education, Training, and Other Requirements
A bachelor's degree in computer science, electronics engineering, or a related field is the minimum requirement for most entry-level positions. Most engineering programs involve a concentration of study in an engineering specialty, along with courses in design, mathematics, physical and life sciences, and hands-on laboratory classes. Additional coursework may include computer hardware and software, microprocessors and applications, data and algorithms, AC (alternate current) and DC (direct current) currents, and signals in systems. Computer Hardware Engineers who plan on a career in research and development, or engineering faculty positions earn a master's or doctorate degree.
Most employers prefer to hire Computer Hardware Engineers with at least two years of experience. However, some companies may offer entry-level engineering positions to college graduates. These entry-level positions usually work under the supervision of experienced Engineers and, in large companies, also may receive formal classroom or seminar-type training. As new Engineers gain knowledge and experience, they are assigned more difficult projects with greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions.
Early Career Planning
High school students planning to become Computer Hardware Engineers should take courses in computer science, English, mathematics, and physical and life sciences.
While continuing education is not required for Computer Hardware Engineers, most Engineers keep current with the advancements in computer technology.
Licensing and Certification
Licensing is not required for Computer Hardware Engineers. However, a number of Engineers may possess a Professional Engineer (PE) license in electrical engineering, which some employers may recommend. The license must be renewed every two years.
To become licensed, Engineers must first pass the Engineer-in-Training or Fundamentals of Engineering examination, which requires at least three years of coursework from a college or university offering an engineering program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), or three years of engineering-related experience. The next step in the process is to pass the professional examination which requires a bachelor’s degree in engineering from an ABET-accredited institution, along with two years of eligible engineering experience. Engineers without a bachelor's degree in engineering must possess six years of eligible experience.
Several professional certifications for Computer Hardware Engineers exist, such as Quality Engineer and Reliability Engineer Certifications. These may be beneficial for advancement to senior technical or managerial positions. Many certification programs are offered by professional organizations.
For more information, go to the U.S. Department of Labor's Career InfoNet Web site and scroll down to "Career Tools." Click on "Certification Finder" and follow the instructions to locate certification programs.
Where Can I Find Training?
There are two ways to search for training information:
- Search by Field of Study to find what programs are available and what schools offer those programs. You may use keywords such as: Computer, Computer Hardware, and Engineering.
- Search by Training Provider to find schools by name, type of school, or location.
Contact the schools you are interested in to learn about the classes available, tuition and fees, and any prerequisite course work.
Where Would I Work?
The largest industries employing Computer Hardware Engineers are as follows:
|Industry Title||Percent of Total Employment for Occupation in California|
|Computers and Peripheral Equipment ||27.4%|
|Computer Systems Design and Rel Services ||18.6%|
|Scientific Research and Development Svc ||13.8%|
|Semiconductor and Electronic Components ||8.9%|
|Electric Goods Merchant Wholesalers ||4.3%|
Finding a Job
Direct contact with employers is a traditional means to finding a job as a Computer Hardware Engineer. College placement offices, company recruiting events, job fairs, networking, and online job search sites are also good places to look. Career associations sometimes offer job openings on their Web sites. Additionally, some Computer Hardware Engineers may place resumes on job boards. Online job opening systems include JobCentral at www.jobcentral.com and CalJOBSSM at www.caljobs.ca.gov.
To find your nearest One-Stop Career Center, go to Service Locator. View the helpful job search tips for more resources. (requires Adobe Reader).
Yellow Page Headings
You can focus your local job search by checking employers listed online or in your local telephone directory. Below are some suggested headings where you might find employers of Computer Hardware Engineers.
- Computer Engineers
- Computer Manufacturing
- Computer Systems Design
- Computer System Designers and Consultants
- Computer Wholesale
Find Possible Employers
To locate a list of employers in your area, go to "Find Employers" on the Labor Market Information Web site:
- Select one of the top industries that employ the occupation. This will give you a list of employers in that industry in your area.
- Click on "View Filter Selections" to limit your list to specific cities or employer size.
- Click on an employer for the street address, telephone number, size of business, Web site, etc.
- Contact the employer for possible employment.
Where Could This Job Lead?
As Computer Hardware Engineers gain experience they may advance to become technical specialists or supervise a staff or team of Engineers and technicians. Some may eventually become engineering managers or enter into other managerial positions. A master's degree or doctorate degree may lead to teaching opportunities or executive careers.
Below is a list of occupations related to Computer Hardware Engineers with links to more information.
|Electrical and Electronics Drafters||Profile|
|Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment||Profile|
|Electronics Engineers, Except Computer||Guide|
|Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers||Guide|
These links are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement by EDD.
For the Career Professional
The following codes are provided to assist counselors, job placement workers, or other career professionals.