The following terms are commonly used in connection with employment and labor market information. To find the definition of a particular term from the list below, select the first letter of the term.
# A B C D E F G H IJ L M N O P QR S T U W (No K,V,X,Y or Z)
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing,
manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information
in the form of a map, i.e. data identified according to their
- High Demand Occupations
The top occupations in the state or the region for instance,
occupations with the most openings, and/or occupations that have
potential for highest growth.
- High Skill Occupations
Occupations requiring long term on the job training (12 months) or
- High Wage Occupations
Pay the median wage or above for the state or for a region.
People living in a single residence regardless of relationship.
A group of establishments that produce similar products or provide
similar services. For example, all establishments that
manufacture automobiles are in the same industry. A given
industry, or even a particular establishment in that industry,
might have employees in dozens of occupations. The North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS) is used to categorize industries.
- Industry Cluster
A subset of industries in the regional economy connected by flows
of goods and services stronger than those linking them to the rest
of the economy. Individual firms in a cluster benefit from
certain comparative advantages associated with geographical
concentration such as access to a common pool of specialized labor,
infrastructure, intellectual property, and lower transaction costs
- Industry Employment
Full-time and part-time workers (including employees on paid
vacation or paid sick leave) who work or receive compensation from
establishments for any part of the pay period including the 12th of
the month. Those workers involved in labor-management
disputes are excluded. This is a count of the number of jobs,
and is available by industry.
The resources required for an activity. The underlying
foundation or basic framework.
A structured program where an individual gains supervised practical
experience in an occupation.
- JobCentral - National Labor Exchange
The nation's online labor exchange. Businesses post job
listings, create customized job orders, and search resumes.
Job seekers post resumes and search for jobs that fit their
career goals. (www.jobcentral.org/)
- Job Leavers
Unemployed people who quit or otherwise terminated their
employment voluntarily and immediately began looking for work.
- Job Losers
Unemployed people who involuntarily lost their last job or who had
completed a temporary job.
- Journey Level
A fully qualified worker in a specific trade.
- Labor Dispute
Any controversy concerning terms or conditions of employment, or
concerning the association or representation of people in
negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange
terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether or not the
disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and
- Labor Force
This is a generic term that describes the collection of data that
includes labor force (civilian or total), employment, unemployment,
and the unemployment rate. In some of the tables or
publications that come from Labor Market Information, the term
"labor force" also means "civilian labor
- Labor Market Area (LMA)
An economically integrated geographic area within which individuals
can reside and find employment within a reasonable distance or can
readily change employment without changing their place of
- Labor Market Information (LMI)
Information about the market -where labor skills are exchanged for
wages. Information can be descriptive (qualitative) or
statistical (quantitative). The key elements in the labor
market are the workers (labor resources) and jobs (employment
- Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
A Federal/State cooperative program which produces employment,
labor force and unemployment estimates for States and local areas.
- Local Workforce Investment Area (LWIA)
LWIA's administer services as designated by the Governor.
Factors that are considered in designating these LWIA's
include geographic location, population, and commonality of labor
- Long Term Unemployment
Individuals who have been unemployed for 15 or more consecutive weeks.
- Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) Program
This is a Federal-State cooperative effort to identify, describe,
and track the effects of major jobs cutbacks using each State's
unemployment insurance database. The program has reports on
mass layoff actions that result in workers being separated from
their jobs. (www.bls.gov/mls/)
The average value of a set of numbers.
The mid-point in a data set after the numbers are sorted. The
median is the point where half of the numbers lie above and half
lie below this value.
- Metropolitan Area (MA)
A geographic area made up of a county containing a central city of
50,000 inhabitants or more, plus adjoining counties that are
socially and economically integrated with the central city.
There are three types of metropolitan areas:
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA); Primary Metropolitan
Statistical Area (PMSA); Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area
- Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
A MSA is a relatively freestanding metropolitan area (MA) typically
surrounded by non-metropolitan counties.
The number in a distribution of numbers that appears most
- Net Replacements
- New Entrants
Individuals entering the labor force for the first time.
- Non-Durable Goods
Manufactured items that generally last three years or less.
Food, beverages, clothing, shoes, and gasoline are common
Individuals not residing in penal or mental institutions, sanitariums,
and homes for the aged, infirm, and needy.
- North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
NAICS is the successor to the Standard Industrial Classification
(SIC) System. The United States, Mexico, and Canada will
universally use this system of classifying business establishments.
Due to differences in NAICS and SIC structures, industry data
for 2001 are not comparable to the SIC-based data for earlier
years. NAICS focuses on how products and services are
created, as opposed to the SIC focus on what is produced. (www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm)
- Not in the Labor Force
- All people in the civilian noninstitutional population who are neither employed nor counted as unemployed are "not in the labor force."
# A B C D E F G H IJ L M N O P QR S T U W (No K,V,X,Y or Z)